The Snake Dragon of Marduk
The Striding Snake Dragon of Marduk at one time decorated the Ishtar Gate, the eighth gate to the inner city of Babylon, which began the procession to the great temple of Marduk. The dragon is decorated in molded glazed bricks, with its scaly body of a dragon, head of a snake, hind feet claws of a large bird of prey, front paws of a lion and the tail of a deadly scorpion.It is interesting that the serpent in the Garden of Eden was apparently standing upright before it became cursed in the fall.
The Vatican Museum, Vatican City, Rome, displays the Snake Dragon of Marduk. It is their oldest piece. Roman Emperor Heliogabalus (218-222) introduced the Akitu-festival in honour of Marduk during his reign in the third Century.
The Hebrew word for serpent is “nachash” and in Isaiah 27:1 the dragon is also referred to as the “nachash”.
Marduk was the chief god of the Babylonians and Nebuchadnezzar is the king during this time period when the Ishtar Gate was standing at the entrance to the great city of Babylon. In the south, Marduk reigned supreme. He is normally referred to as Bel “Lord”, also bel rabim “great lord”, bêl bêlim “lord of lords”, ab-kal ilâni bêl terêti “leader of the gods”, aklu bêl terieti “the wise, lord of oracles”, muballit mîte “reviver of the dead”, etc.
Tiamat was the dragon goddess of salt waters.
She was a turbulent, salf-water ocean dragon that existed at the beginning of time with Apsu. She is said to have been a fierce dragoness in form. The embodiment of the raw energy of the ocean, she was also the personification of the untamed forces of the universe before order was established.
Her battle with Marduk [son of the water god Ea] is part of the Babylonian mythology of creation. Marduk caught Tiamat in a net after he threw a raging storm into her mouth. She failed to swallow him and he tore her entrails apart after piercing her with an arrow. He slaughtered Tiamat’s army of monsters, then split her skull and slashed her body in two. One half of her body became the vault of the heavens and the other, the ocean floor. Her eyes became the sources of the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, which the lives of the Mesopotamians depended on. Her tail was bent up into the sky to form the Milky Way. Marduk went on to kill her son, Kingu, and mixed his blood with earth to create humankind.
Timothy J. Stephany’s version of Old Testament creation stories.
When the two primeval waters, the salt and fresh water, entered into marriage, and brought into being the first of the gods, the Babylonian Creation Epic begins its strange tale with the words “Enuma Elish” meaning “When the Heavens Above…”
A mystic realm of dragons ranging the depths of the primordial sea, when god declared war on god, and the winner emerged as the powerful ruler of all men and matter.
With formidable powers the gods set into motion the universe, and made mankind to perform their work upon the earth, to shape the natural world and raise their glorious temples. The song of Marduk the Champion, the mighty slayer of the creature Tiamat, and a tale of how one man came to survive the Great Flood, brought by the gods to wipe out humankind forever, in two tales which underlie those which achieved such greatness and magnificence in the pages of the Book of Genesis.
Sources include: DragonsInn.net; Bible-History.com
Civilization was born eight thousand years ago, between the floodplains of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, when migrants from the surrounding mountains and deserts began to create increasingly sophisticated urban societies. In the cities that they built, half of human history took place.
In Babylon, Paul Kriwaczek tells the story of Mesopotamia from the earliest settlements seven thousand years ago to the eclipse of Babylon in the sixth century B.C.E. The author chronicles the rise and fall of power during this period and explores the political and social systems, as well as the technical and cultural innovations, which made this land extraordinary. At the heart of this book is the story of Babylon, which rose to prominence under the Amorite king Hammurabi from about 1800 B.C.E. Even as Babylon’s fortunes waxed and waned, it never lost its allure as the ancient world’s greatest city.
With this book Immanuel Velikovsky first presented the revolutionary results of his 10-year-long interdisciplinary research to the public, founded modern catastrophism – based on eyewitness reports by our ancestors – shook the doctrine of uniformity of geology as well as Darwin’s theory of evolution, put our view of the history of our solar system, of the Earth and of humanity on a completely new basis – and caused an uproar that is still going on today.
Worlds in Collision – written in a brilliant, easily understandable and entertaining style and full to the brim with precise information – can be considered one of the most important and most challenging books in the history of science. Not without reason was this book found open on Einstein’s desk after his death.
For all those who have ever wondered about the evolution of the earth, the history of mankind, traditions, religions, mythology or just the world as it is today, Worlds in Collision will keep your attention.