Category Archives: Dragons of the World

Stories About Dragons.



Quadrivium: The Four Classical Liberal Arts of Number, Geometry, Music, & CosmologyQuadrivium.
Wooden Books.
The quadrivium – the classical curriculum – comprises the four liberal arts of number, geometry, music, and cosmology. It was studied from antiquity to the Renaissance as a way of glimpsing the nature of reality. Geometry is number in space; music is number in time; and cosmology expresses number in space and time. Number, music, and geometry are metaphysical truths: life across the universe investigates them; they foreshadow the physical sciences.

Quadrivium is the first volume to bring together these four subjects in many hundreds of years. Composed of six successful titles in the Wooden Books series, it makes ancient wisdom and its astonishing interconnectedness.

Produced in six different colors of ink, Quadrivium will appeal to anyone interested in mathematics, music, astronomy, and how the universe works.


Sea Dragons

Sea Dragons

Leafy Sea Dragon

Leafy Sea Dragon.

Sea dragons are ornately camouflaged with gossamer, leaf-shaped appendages over their entire bodies. They blend in with the seaweed and kelp formations they float within.

  • Kingdom: Animalia
  • Phylum: Chordata
  • Class: Actinopteri
  • Order: Thoracostei
  • Family: Syngnathidae
  • Subfamily: Phyllopteryginae
  • Genus: Phycodurus
  • Species: Phycodurus eques

Leafy Sea Dragon.Sea Dragons, found in the brown kelp beds of Southern Australia, belong to the family Syngnathidae, which also includes the seahorses, pipefish and pipehorses. Leafy seadragons reach a length of approximately 35 centimeters and are covered with jointed, armor-like plates instead of scales.

Not surprisingly, there is debate among ichthyologists as to the evolutionary appearance of the horizontally-swimming seadragon, either as a stepping stone between the horizontal pipefish and the vertical seahorse or as a divergent cousin of the seahorse. There is very little information at all out there about the evolution of the Leafy Sea Dragon. There are some fossil remains of seahorses though that date back more than 3 million years. It is believed that these branched out from them and that they were once much larger than what we see today. The two distinct and separate genera of seadragons, Phycodurus and Phyllopteryx, are believed to have divergently evolved from two separate pipefish genii; ancestral forms of Leptonotus and Haliichtys respectively.

Leafy Sea Dragon.Although the elongated and camouflaged appendages are also found less dramatically in its close cousins Phyllopteryx taeniolatus (weedy seadragon) and Haliicthys taeniophora (ribboned seadragon), the leafy seadragon is by far one of the greatest examples of adaptive camouflage in the animal kingdom.

They don’t really have any natural predators in their environment, although, as are all dragons, they have been affected by the predatory natures of mankind. They blend in to the surroundings so amazingly well that they aren’t detected as a food source even when predators are right there in front of them.




Dragons have been part of Far Eastern culture for at least 7,000 years. Dragons have long symbolized power, creativity, heaven, and good fortune. They are thought to have authority over bodies of water, rain, floods and storms. In time, Chinese Buddhist artists adopted the dragon as a symbol of enlightenment.

The Dragon Robe and the Kasaya

The two volumes (Chinese Edition) reveal the basic features and main characteristics of the Tibetan Buddhism in Qing dynasty from the aspects of the fundamental venation of its fiction development, the mysterious immortal world inside the royal temple and its symbolism structure, as well as the real situation, the artistic style and representatives of the paintings and statues of the Tibetan Buddhism represented by the Qianlong period. It is a masterpiece of the research on the palace history in Qing dynasty in recent years.

Tibet’s Bhutan is called Druk Yul, “the Land of the Thunder Dragon,” by the people living in Bhutan.
The Flag of Bhutan.
Tibet, a vast area of plains, mountains and gorges, is being explored fully by naturalists. Tropical heat and Arctic cold are telescoped into a span of little more than 40 miles in Bhutan. The entire region boasts a richness and variety of plants and wildlife that are perhaps unequaled in the world. Botanists have estimated that at least 6,500 species of flowering plants grow in Nepal alone.

The flag of Bhutan is based upon the tradition of the Drukpa Lineage of Tibetan Buddhism and features Druk, the Thunder Dragon.

The Pallas Cat

One can only wonder at what awaits discovery in the forest clad hills of Bhutan.

The Pallas Cat.A new order of fossils from the Miocene of Nepal includes a hominoid was discovered in Nepal in the early 1970s. In 2014, the Pallas’ cat was photographed in Nepal. This well-furred cats from the cold Asian steppes, Pallas’s Cats Otocolobus manul are also called Manul, Steppe Cat or Rock Wildcat.

These small cats have a stocky body with thick, soft fur and an abundant dark, woolly underfur which is double the length of that on the rest of the body. The color varies from a light grey to a yellowish buff and russet, with the white tips of the hair producing a frosted appearance. There are some faint stripes along the sides of the body (more visible on the summer coat), and the fur on the underside is darker and longer than that above. Their head is round and broad with scattered black spots on the forehead, and two distinct parallel black bars on each cheek. The large, owl-like eyes are yellow, and the pupils contract into small circles instead of the usual vertical slits. The ears are short, rounded, and set low on the sides of the head. They are buff on the backs. The legs are short and stout, and the tail is thickly furred with a broad terminal black band, and five to six narrow rings along it.





The Chinese dragon is able to breathe fire, summon wind and call for rain, fly into the clouds and hide at the bottom of the sea. They are also shapeshifters, capable of becoming as large as the sky or disguising itself by being as tiny as a pinhead.

In Chinese lore, the dragon was a benevolent creature with powers to bring rain, floods, and even hurricanes to a land. Along with this ability, the dragon signified power, strength, and good luck. Starting in the Han Dynasty (206 BC – 220 AD), Emperors took on the symbolism of the Dragon as they hoped to bring good fortune to their lands.

The Dragon Robe. Chinese Version.Almost every tribe had its own unique dragon in ancient times. It was said that Huangdi fought with Yandi for the throne after the demise of Chi You, which ended up with the victory of Huangdi who adopted an imaginary dragon for his coat of arms. Later, Huangdi launched a series of wars against the nine tribes on the Yellow River Valley, and incorporated the other tribes’ dragons into his own after defeating them (thus explaining why the dragon has attributes of nine other creatures), claiming himself to be monarch of the central plains of China after his great unification. The dragon totem has been popular throughout China ever since.

The number 9 is considered lucky in Chinese culture, and this fact is reflected in the depiction of the Chinese Dragon. Nine different animal resemblances make up the appearance of the Chinese dragon. The scales of a Chinese dragon further display the significance of lucky number 9. It is said that dragons possess scales of both the yin and yang essence, with 81 and 36 scales respectively, both numbers being multiples of 9.

Children of the Dragon

According to Chinese myths, the dragon has nine children (not including mortals, such as the legendary Yandi): Bixi, Qiuniu, Yazi, Chaofeng, Pulao, Chiwen, Bi’an, Suanni and Pixiu. More interestingly, the nine dragon children have different characters from one another, and their images (to be more specific, imaginary images) are widely used in architectural decoration, especially in the imperial palaces.

  • Bixi, the eldest of the nine dragon children, has the shape of a turtle with sharp teeth, and is fond of carrying heavy objects; it’s often depicted on the sides of grave monuments.
  • Qiuniu, a yellow scaly dragon, has a liking for music and excels in playing it; it’s often used to adorn musical instruments.
  • Yazi, with a snake belly and a leopard head, is keen on fighting and killing; it’s often used as the decoration of sword grips.
    Chaofeng has an instinctive taste for adventure; it’s often used to adorn the roof ridges of palaces.
  • Pulao is known for its loud crying; it’s often used as handles on the top of bells.
  • Chiwen, living in the sea, has a harsh voice and takes delight in devouring the other creatures; it’s often erected on the ends of ridgepoles of palaces.
  • Bi’an has a fancy for lawsuits, so it’s often erected at jail gates.
    Suanni has a shape of a lion and takes delight in sitting cross-legged and smelling the odor of incense; it’s often depicted on the incense burners and seats of Buddhist temples.
  • Pixiu is fierce and majestic with a horse’s body, and it’s in charge of exorcising the demons to keep Heaven safe; it’s often used to guard gates.


Unlike castle-burning dragons of Western stories, Chinese Dragons are a benevolent symbol in Chinese culture. From celebrations to the Zodiac, to historical rulers, the dragon has played a large part in China’s rich history.China.

Behind the acupuncture, herbal remedies and sophisticated diagnostics of Chinese medicine lies a “congenial system of healing that embodies unification of body and mind, spirit and matter, nature and man, philosophy and reality.” In this comprehensive and ground-breaking presentation, based on long experience as physician, psychiatrist, and practitioner of Chinese medicine, Leon Hammer offers a new model for appreciating the traditional healer’s effective and profound respect for individual integrity and energetic balance. Explaining, and moving beyond, the five phase (element) system, he shows that this Eastern practice is as much a spiritual science as a physical one. Accessible to the layman, yet a resource for the professional in any healing art, this book examines the natural energy functions of the human organism as a key to mental, emotional and spiritual health. It offers new insight into disease, showing how it is not merely an invasion from the outside, but rather a byproduct of a person’s unsuccessful attempt to restore one’s own balance.

Chinese Idioms Related to Dragon

  • 龙飞凤舞(dragon flies and phoenix dances): referring to a flamboyant style of calligraphy and writing devoid of content.
  • 龙马精神 (spirit of a dragon horse): referring to vigorous spirit in old age.
  • 鱼龙混杂 (fish and dragons jumbled together): referring to good and bad people mixed together.
  • 龙腾虎跃 (dragon rises and tiger leaps): referring to a scene of hustling and bustling activity.
  • 车水马龙 (carriages move on like a stream and horses pass like a long dragon): referring to a scene of heavy traffic.
  • 龙潭虎穴 (dragon’s pool and tiger’s den): referring to a very dangerous spot.
  • 画龙点睛 (paint a dragon and dot in the eye): referring to adding the vital finishing touch; the crucial point that brings the subject to life.
  • 叶公好龙 (Lord Ye loves a dragon): referring to someone who pretends to like something that he really fears.
  • 鲤鱼跳龙门 (carp jumped over the dragon gate): referring to someone who has successfully past the civil service examination.



The United Kingdom

The United Kingdom

Wyclifs Bible.The Earliest known full translation that still exists in full is Wycliffe’s Bible completed directly from the Vulgate into Middle English. A total of 117 of these bibles were hand written by John Wycliffe between 1382 and 1392. Undeterred by the condemnation of formal church councils and demands to appear before the Pope, he continued his monumental work of translating the Bible so that every man, even the plough boy, might possess the Word of God in their own language.

John Wycliffe was an English scholastic philosopher, theologian, Biblical translator, reformer, and seminary professor at Oxford. He was an influential dissident within the Roman Catholic priesthood during the 14th century.

Wycliffe attacked the privileged status of the clergy, which was central to their powerful role in England. John Wycliffe’s statesmanship was remarkable by any standard. He rose to public prominence after boldly asserting that the King of England owed no financial tribute to the Pope. This helped to carry the tide in the English parliament for so ‘strange’ a notion.

Dragouns in the Wycliffe Bible, 1388

There is further evidence that dragons were known for their howling. There is an intriguing Hebrew word found in Isaiah 13:21. The word “oach” is actually translated “dragouns” in the Wycliffe Bible of 1388. Other translators have translated it “ostriches,” “doleful creatures,” or “howling creatures.” It seems that this word doesn’t name a particular animal, but describes it as a “howler.” Wycliffe in the Middle Ages identified this howler with the dragon.

Wycliffe Manuscript New Testament:
Revised by John Purvey circa A.D. 1400
Wycliffe Manuscript.

The Christian church tells of righteous and godly saints battling and vanquishing Satan in the form of dragons. The most celebrated of these was St. George the Dragon Slayer, who comes upon a town threatened by a terrible dragon. He rescues a fair maiden, protects himself with the sign of the cross, and slays the beast. The town’s citizens, impressed by St. George’s feat of faith and bravery, immediately convert to Christianity.

The King James Bible was translated in the 17th Century as the authoritative Bible of the Anglican Church. Because of the printing press it was then the only translation with legal sanction.

Leviathan — the massive monster described in detail in the Book of Job, chapter 41 — seems to describe a dragon in detail:

“I will not fail to speak of Leviathan’s limbs, its strength and its graceful form. Who can strip off its outer coat? Who can penetrate its double coat of armor? Who dares open the doors of its mouth, ringed about with fearsome teeth? Its back has rows of shields tightly sealed together; each is so close to the next that no air can pass between. They are joined fast to one another; they cling together and cannot be parted. Its snorting throws out flashes of light; its eyes are like the rays of dawn. Flames stream from its mouth; sparks of fire shoot out. Smoke pours from its nostrils as from a boiling pot over burning reeds. Its breath sets coals ablaze, and flames dart from its mouth” (NIV).

Dragons: A Natural HistoryDragons, A Natural History.

Dragons. A Natural History.Dr. Karl P.N. Shuker BSc PhD FRES FZS based in England is internationally recognised as a world expert in cryptozoology, as well as in animal mythology and allied subjects relating to wildlife anomalies and inexplicabilia. His work bring public attention to recently discovered or rediscovered species in the 20th and 21st centuries.

Dr. Karl Shuker shares his wealth of knowledge on:

Dragon dwellings: These magnificent beasts have been found in an astounding number of places. Dragons and their near relatives have found niches in every ecosystem on the planet — from the mountains of Greece to the forests of northern Europe to the volcanic plain of Mesoamerica to the river valleys of China — and have, as a consequence, become deeply embedded in human culture.

Dragon variety: Here are five main types of dragons, emerging from the floods or flames of history — the frightening Serpents, Wyverns, and Classical Dragons of the West; the Sky Dragons, including beneficent Chinese Dragons, Amphipteres, and winged New World species; the Neo-Dragons such as the Basilisk, Salamander, and the like; as well as dozens of varieties and subspecies, including orms, guivres, lindorms, and more.