Greece: Typhon

Greece: Typhon

Greek rulers reportedly brought dragons alive from Ethiopia. (Gould, Charles, Mythical MonstersMythical Monsteres. Charles Gould., W.H. Allen & Co., London, 1886, pp. 382-383.)

“The dragons of the mountains have scales of a golden color, and in length excel those of the plain, and they have bushy beards, which also are of a golden hue; and their eye is sunk deep under the eyebrow, and emits a terrible and ruthless glance.”

Greek scholar Philostratus (c. AD 170-245)

Typhon (Typhaon, Typhoeus)

Typhon.There is no god/monster as powerful, dangerous, and deadly as Typhon.

His head touched the stars. He had the torso of a man, but each leg was an enormous viper coil that writhed and hissed as he moved. His 100 snake heads constantly screamed the sounds of various animals. Glowing red eyes on his human-like head drove fear into the hearts of all that looked upon them. His “savage jaw”  breathed fire. He had hundreds of wings all over his body, and instead of ten fingers his hands were made of 100 deadly serpents.

Typhon youngest son of Gaea (Earth) and Tartarus (of the nether world) was described as a grisly monster with a hundred dragons’ heads who was conquered and cast into the underworld by Zeus.

He was also confined in the land of the Arimi in Cilicia or under Mount Etna or in other volcanic regions, where he was the cause of eruptions. Typhon was thus the personification of volcanic forces.

Among his children by his wife, Echidna, were Cerberus, the three-headed hound of hell, the multiheaded Lernean Hydra, and the Chimera. He was also the father of dangerous winds (typhoons), and by later writers he was identified with the Egyptian god Set (Seth).

SET, OR SETH was the demon of death and evil in Egyptian mythology, characterized as “a strong god (a-pahuti), whose anger is to be feared.” The inscriptions call him “the powerful one of Thebes,” and “Ruler of the South.” He is conceived as the sun that kills with the arrows of heat; he is the slayer, and iron is called the bones of Typhon.

Hunted animals are consecrated to him; and his symbols are the griffin (akhekh), the hippopotamus, the crocodile, the swine, the tortoise, and the serpent âpapi (in Greek “apophis”) who was thought to await the dying man in the domain of the god Atmu (also called Tmu or Tum), who represents the sun below the western horizon.

As a cruel Egyptian dragon, he chased The Divine Boy. Inscribed on a black image of Isis was the mystery of the god Sol, Typhon is said to have pursued Thuesis (Isis) while she was endeavoring to protect her son.


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